A Philosophy of War by Alexander Moseley

By Alexander Moseley

Moseley considers conflict from all angles: Christian, Marxist, Platonic, behavioralist, financial, mental, and organic; he concludes that market-based societies are likely to foster cooperation greater than wrestle. ?

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Aggressive civilized war is certainly an economically luxurious pursuit, which is reflected in the nature of the classes controlling and dispersing the armies and weapons as well as in the poetry and chivalry of the orders of the knights. 27 This again intensifies the complexity, potential duration, violence, tactics and ethics of warfare. It also “democratizes” the art of warfare, so that the “common” pikeman or archer could stop an aristocratic cavalry charge. At the bat< 30 > Types of War tle of Crécy, in 1346, one of the greatest concentrations of knights on the medieval battlefield charged an English army predominantly made up of common folk: out of 12,000 soldiers, 8,000 were archers; they faced 60,000 French, of which 12,000 were heavy cavalry.

18. 19. 20. pigeon-holes, like a bureaucrat who wants an easy life. ” Conversation, p. 85. Cf. J. Ayer. “Consider, for example, the simple action of drinking a glass of wine. ” Metaphysics and Commonsense (1967), from Almond, Ethics p. 7. A note should be made here on relating the definition to morality: that concepts relating to human nature and actions are contextual is not to imply that moral judgements are relativistic, which would entail, for example, that waging a particular war in one era is morally justifiable yet in another era morally unjustifiable.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Quincy Wright’s taxonomy is useful as a starter, but it requires adaptation to include new types of war that have entered the vocabulary since the publication of A Study of War in 1965. As humans are animals, defensive instinctive reactions shared with other animals may generate war at the pre-rational level of action, and wars may tap back into such reactions. For individual organisms, the instinctive act of violence is motivated by sex, territory, dominance, and activity between members of the same species.

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