Across the Border. The Successes And Failures Of Operation by Major Donald V. Phillips

By Major Donald V. Phillips

This research examines the making plans, execution, and result of US army involvement within the 1970 Cambodian incursions. Named Operation Rockcrusher, the assaults precise North Vietnamese sanctuaries in formally impartial Cambodia. Strategic tips for the operation mirrored the Nixon administration's wish to continue with troop rate reductions and quick "Vietnamize" the warfare in Southeast Asia. Efforts to set stipulations for a U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam, together with a covert bombing crusade of Cambodia, failed. those components, in addition to a deteriorating political state of affairs inside of Cambodia, ended in approval of the attacks. The thesis describes the operational and tactical goals that have been derived from the strategic scenario. Then, via discussing key parts of the crusade, the research examines how good the U.S. military finished those ambitions. Reviewed in the context of chosen battlefield working structures, the operation unearths a made up our minds "mixed bag" of good fortune and...

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Extra info for Across the Border. The Successes And Failures Of Operation Rockcrusher

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This paper would have been impossible without the support and assistance of many people. First, I would like to thank my committee staff, Lieutenant Colonel (Retired) Geoff Babb, Lieutenant Colonel (Retired) Bill Connor, and Dr. Gary Bjorge. Their guidance and mentorship not only improved this paper, but also my development as a professional officer. I deeply appreciate Dr. Philip Brookes and his staff for their untiring support of the MMAS program. Thanks to the research staff of the US Army Center for Military History and the Combined Arms Research Library for their assistance in locating primary sources.

The bombers assumed attack formation as controllers confirmed final target coordinates. ” As “HAC” crackled over the bombardier's headset, eighty olive drab “chains of thunder”{81} fell from the Stratofortress. Impacting in a five-kilometer rectangle, the bombs created huge craters in the terrain below. Within the box, little survived that was not deeply buried or heavily fortified. Occasionally, a secondary explosion, presumably of enemy war materials informed the crew of the possible effect of the raid.

Our purpose is not to occupy the areas. {3} While President Nixon spoke, over 25,000 US and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) troops assaulted Communist bases across the “Fishhook,” a forty-mile swath of the Cambodian border. Farther to the south, ARVN forces launched a similar operation in the “Parrot's Beak” region of the border. The Vietnamese named these operations Toan Thang (Total Victory) 42 in the Parrot's Beak and Toan Thang 43 in the Fishhook. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), code-named the assaults Rockcrusher{4}.

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