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A comparative research which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. before, little recognition has been paid to the rural zone which truly underpins commercial and advertisement improvement. lately, this zone has develop into the point of interest of more and more sour fiscal disputes, specially over defense and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, utilising case stories from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to focus on either the typical features of agriculture's position in East Asian improvement, and lines specific to the political economic climate of agriculture in every one nation.
Read or Download Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).) PDF
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Additional info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)
In Japan and Korea, traditional diets did not involve animal products and it is only relatively recently that beef and dairy products have come to be produced, on the basis of often imported feed crops. Traditionally, pork was eaten on special occasions in Taiwan (Thompson 1984:583), although pig-raising, using mainly imported feed, has become a major industry in recent years. However, the undoubted superiority of rice-based agriculture, as the means of supporting a large population on a limited area, is not achieved without a cost, and rice cultivation imposes significant requirements in terms of infrastructure and economic organisation on those who practise it.
In Taiwan, sugar cane has also been an important crop on dry land in climatically suitable areas. Thus, although irrigated rice is a demanding crop in terms of labour input, its pattern of labour use is such that suitably phased and timed agricultural, and indeed non-agricultural, activities can accompany it in often complex rotational structures. What such agricultural systems do not accommodate, however, is grazing land for animals. In Japan and Korea, traditional diets did not involve animal products and it is only relatively recently that beef and dairy products have come to be produced, on the basis of often imported feed crops.
To what extent was this growth supported by the transfer of labour and capital resources from agriculture? Through what mechanisms was any transfer accomplished? Why did such resource transfer as occurred apparently not result in the kinds of dualism, inequality and general neglect of agriculture that have beset other developing countries pursuing different paths to industrialisation? In particular, how did the small, rice-cultivating family farm survive within its network of villagelevel co-operative organisations?