By John Short
Outdated powers are falling. New states are rising. the distance among East and West is narrowing. but the advancements within the heart East and the jap Bloc, the expanding disparity among the wealthy and bad international locations, and the intensification of financial pageant among former political allies, pose new threats and tensions for a brand new international. "An advent to Political Geography" is fullyyt revised and up to date, exploring political and geographic swap in the similar obtainable framework. John brief emphasizes the necessity for a fluid method of the examine of the overseas order, the country nation, in addition to social events. He highlights the rage in the direction of globalization, tough the normal integration of the world-systems process. a brand new part at the political geography of participation appears to be like on the thought of the worldwide village, with its issues for worldwide justice and environmentalism. the writer examines new centres of strength, supplying a history for dialogue of present traits and destiny advancements. He then specializes in the state country, really the person loved ones and attracts on particular case reviews to debate social pursuits.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Political Geography
The Liberal imperialists were strong advocates for social reform and the Tariff Reform League emphasized the full employment opportunities that would follow from the abandonment of free trade. Lenin’s point was that imperialism had been too successful in these respects. He argued that the imperialist policies of the core countries, especially Britain, had created a privileged section of the working class. Since this labour aristocracy had a stake in the existing state of affairs he thought it unlikely that they would adopt a revolutionary posture.
The relationship between the core and the periphery can be considered in terms of the role of the local elites and the anti-colonial reaction. The age of imperialism was one in which peripheral areas were incorporated into the world economy. Imperialism was the political function of the process of integrating areas into the economy. Robinson (1972) has argued that whether an area was incorporated into the formal or informal empire depended upon the character of the elites in the area. Collaborative elites were those which aided or facilitated European economic penetration, non-collaborative elites fought against such incorporation.
In the immediate post-1945 period aid contributions were minimal. Both the USA and Europe were concerned with the reconstruction of the war-damaged European economies. Western interest in aid began as a response to the fear of Soviet influence in the periphery. The Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1956 placed the USSR in a new posture with respect to the Third World. Emphasis was to be placed on aiding, at the least with ideological encouragement and at the most with money and guns, the revolutionary movements and nationalist governments in the periphery.