By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the a long time following global conflict , and partly according to the chilly struggle, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. lots of those welfare nation programmes - housing, faculties, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, during which the welfare targets of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The effect on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare country initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st booklet to discover the structure of the welfare country in Western Europe from a world standpoint. With chapters protecting Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the ebook explores the complicated function performed by way of structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare country in either thought and perform.
- the position of the outfitted setting within the welfare kingdom as a political venture
- the colonial measurement of eu welfare country structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the function of welfare country tasks in selling buyer tradition and monetary growth
- the photo of the collective produced by way of welfare nation architecture
- the position of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, in place of building businesses and others, in making a choice on what used to be built
- the courting among architectural and social theory
- the position of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors contain: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Additional info for Architecture and the Welfare State
Provided by the city. The new buildings appeared to be traditional Central European urban perimeter blocks, monumentalized and provided with large garden courtyards. 1 Das Neue Wien/Vienna of Today, 1931. From Das Neue Wien: Ein Album mit Plan, 1932 (Stadt Wien/Wiener Stadt- und Landesbibliothek, Vienna). 2 Bebelhof, Karl Ehn, 1925–1926, ground ﬂoor plan and street view. From Wohnhausanlage der Gemeinde Wien im XII. Bezirk, 1926 (Stadt Wien/Wiener Stadt- und Landesbibliothek, Vienna). From Red Superblock to Green Megastructure But that is not how the buildings acted, nor how they operated urbanistically.
31 However, the term ‘megastructure’ and arguably the determining typological features of megastructure itself were ﬁrst deﬁned within the Japanese Metabolist Movement a few years later by Fumihiko Maki in 1964. 32 One of the essential ideas of megastructure was the interplay of two separate, but interdependent components: a structural form (designed by the architect), and various habitable containers, conceived as individual transient elements (that were beyond the control of the architect). In other words, megastructure was informed by a conception of the role of architecture in the welfare state – as mediating between individual and collective identities – by creating a structural framework within which transitional zones between public and private space and spheres of activity could enhance collective behaviour.
Carefully inserted onto the fabric of Vienna they both preserve the existing urban structure and superimpose their own distinctive scale and organization on it. By binding together buildings, streets, courtyards, and public squares, they merge and weave together a variety of urban functions to create a spatial fabric that has neither ﬁxed character nor set use: one that transforms the city plan from an undifferentiated grid of public streets and private blocks into an interlocking network of ‘communal’ spaces which blur the boundary between public and private space, socialist housing block and bourgeois city, insider and outsider.