Bananas and Plantains by Victor G. Saúco, John C. Robinson

By Victor G. Saúco, John C. Robinson

Bananas and plantains are significant fruit vegetation within the tropics and subtropics, creating a very important contribution to the economies of many nations. within the final 15 years, mammoth adjustments have happened in banana creation, between them the elevated value of fungal and viral ailments and their critical impression on Cavendish export cultivars, smallholder plantains and cooking bananas. alterations in creation platforms similar to safe greenhouse cultivation, natural, fair-trade and built-in cultivation and their respective certification schemes have additionally develop into well known. This booklet offers an obtainable overview of the clinical ideas of banana construction and the way those relate to box practices. This new version has improved assurance of global alternate information and regulations, breeding of recent cultivars in terms of ailment resistance and markets, customers for genetically-modified bananas and the expanding function of endophytes in controlling pests and ailments

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1’, moderately resistant to Fusarium wilt, but 10% inferior in yield than normal commercial ‘Giant Cavendish’, as measured from around 1500 ha planted in Taiwan in the late 1990s. The South African selection ‘PKZ’ is a somaclonal mutant of ‘Goldfinger’, with an improved bunch morphology and taste reasonably comparable to Cavendish, although it is very tall, and there are some postharvest disadvantages. Somaclonal variation is a convenient method for banana improvement due to its simplicity and low cost.

Kalamagol’ (AABB) – This may be the result of a natural cross between ‘Latundan’ and M. balbisiana, and was found in the Solomon Islands. It has 34 Chapter 2 very droopy leaves. Fruits are small and sweet and the plant is resistant to Fusarium wilt disease and leaf spot. ‘Goldfinger’ or FHIA 01 (AAAB) – This cultivar is a product of the conventional breeding programme of the FHIA. It is a cross between ‘Prata Aná’ (AAB) from Brazil and the diploid breeding line SH 3142 (AA) from FHIA. The cultivar was released from the breeding programme in 1989 and has undergone field evaluation in Honduras, Costa Rica, West Africa, Australia and South Africa.

Scalps consist of 3–5 mm explants comprising large numbers of small white meristems with reduced portions of rhizome or leaf tissues. , 2004). Foreign genes can be transferred to Musa via different methods involving either: (i) co-cultivation of cell cultures and tissues with Agrobacterium tumefaciens; (ii) protoplast electroporation; or (iii) microprojectile bombardment (see recent revision by Pillay and Tripathi, 2007). , 2005). For example, work done in Australia where promoters from BBTV satellites S1 and S2 and from the banana vegetative actin gene have been effectively used for expressing genes in transgenic banana plants (Kahl, 2004).

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